Orthopedics is a medical specialty concerned with the treatment of musculoskeletal deformities or impairments. The musculoskeletal system comprises bones, muscles, joints, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons that support the body, protect vital organs, and enable controlled moments. And Orthopedic encompasses diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation, and prevention.
Orthopedics was once focused to treat deformities of the spine and limbs in children such as scoliosis and polio. But now it encompasses a broad array of treatments for patients of all age groups.
Orthopedics use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat injuries and deformities in
Orthopedic treatment involves numerous surgeries, and the most common procedures are arthroscopy, fusion, joint replacement, osteotomy, internal fixation, and soft tissue repair. Orthopedics use medications, rehabilitation, and exercise in non-surgical treatment.