Orthopedics is a medical specialty concerned with the treatment of musculoskeletal deformities or impairments. The musculoskeletal system comprises bones, muscles, joints, cartilage, ligaments and tendons support the body, protect vital organs and enable controlled moment. And Orthopedic encompasses diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and prevention.
Orthopedics was once focused to treat deformities of spine and limbs in children such as scoliosis and polio. But now it encompasses broad array of treatments for patients of all age groups.
Orthopedics use surgical and non-surgical methods to treat injuries and deformities in
- Foot and ankle
- Hand and Upper Extremities
- Also specialized in
- Pediatric orthopedics
- Trauma and Sports medicine
- Systemic diseases
- Orthopedic oncology.
Orthopedic treatment involves numerous surgeries, and most common procedures are arthroscopy, fusion, joint replacement, osteotomy, internal fixation, soft tissue repair. Orthopedics use medications, rehabilitation, exercise in non-surgical treatment.